Persepolis or in New Persian Takht-e Jamshid (Jamshid's Throne) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire. The remains of Persepolis was registered by the UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage in 1979 with the criteria I,III,VI. Persepolis was founded as a new Achaemenid capital in ∼518 BC. It was Cyrus the Great who chose the site of Persepolis, but the founder was Darius I. After him, his son, Xerxes I, and his grandson, Artaxerxes I, expanded it. In 334 BC, Alexander the Great invaded Achaemenid Empire under Darius III. Alexander succeeded to overthrow Darius III and set fire to Persepolis.

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